Postage stamps from India

February 17, 2020

Industrial City - Jamshedpur


Industrial City - Jamshedpur


When Lord Chelmsford renamed the small village called Sakchi in 1919, little did he realise that he was creating an exemplary word-class city that even today sets the pace for sustainable urban development. Jamshedpur completes 100 years since its renaming and it continues to be recognised as the place where India's first steel plant was set up. The founder, Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, dreamt of an industrialised and prosperous India. Five years before the site of the steel plant was finally located, he wrote to his son Dorab of what his dream city should look like. This is what he envisioned:

Be sure to lay wide streets planted with shady trees, every other of a quick-growing variety. Be sure that there is plenty of space for lawns and gardens. Reserve large areas for football, hockey and parks. Earmark areas for Hindu temples, Mohammedan mosques and Christian churches.
- Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata

Spread over 64 sq km, the city lies on the southern edge of Jharkhand in the Chhota Nagpur plateau region, bordered by Odisha and West Bengal. It is surrounded by abundant green forests of the Dalma Hills. Sparkling with diversity, the city is home to festivals and landmarks of many faiths that coexist.

Today, Jamshedpur is considered a modern and futuristic city with a high quality of life. This finds resonance in the voices of its citizens according to a survey by AC Nielsen. The survey claimed that the overall satisfaction score among the citizens of Jamshedpur is higher than the global norm and the norm for the Utility Sector in the Asia Pacific region. Its state-of-the-art Information and Communication Technology (ICT) infrastructure enhancing communication and connectivity is an aid to constantly bettering the quality of life of its citizens.

The plant has expanded its product range and improved quality to reach a production capacity of 10 million tonnes today. The growth of the steel plant has spurred the growth of ancillary and service industries, transportation and logistics. While the steel plant still dominates the city's skyline, several transnational corporations have offices and manufacturing units in Jamshedpur.

From the time of driving in the first stake, the Iron and Steel company assumed the functions of a city administrator. Sir Dorabji Tata (chairman in 1904-1932) and the directors collaborated to execute their envisioned blueprint. Within 10 years they had spent nearly 25 lakh rupees, the absence of a mayor or a corporation notwithstanding.

The steady growth of industries and the city brought prosperity and development but sustainability was at the heart of all value creation. The greening of Jamshedpur is intrinsic to its planning, to preserve the environment, maintain ecological balance and reduce the carbon footprint. Among its many achievements is being among the forerunners in the country to lay plastic roads with recycled waste, implement waste segregation and to achieve zero effluence discharge.

With an estimated one-third of the city area under green cover, Jamshedpur is a truly Green City, ringed by lush vegetation. The city has a variety of trees that line the roads, numerous parks, playgrounds and gardens. Jubilee Park in the centre of the city was inaugurated and dedicated to the people of the city by the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Tata Steel. Sir Dorabji Tata Park is another landmark with its beautiful landscaping, exotic flowers and tastefully-lit fountains. The Zoological Park, housing lions of African origin — the first Indian zoo to do so — adds to the green cover and biological diversity. There are several water bodies in and around the city, including the ones at Beldih Triangle, Jubilee Park and the man-made lake at Dimna. It was felt in the late 1930s that scarcity of water was a probability and that is why the "Dimna Nala Water Supply Scheme" was initiated to set up the lake. The construction began in February, 1940 and water supply started in four years.

Jamshedpur has the distinction of a high literacy rate of 85.4 percent and is home to around 200 schools, colleges, professional and technical institutions and institutes of excellence, fostering learning from an early age. The city offers its young the best infrastructure and world-class training centres in many fields of sports that nurtures talent, often from the grassroots, many of whom have earned laurels at the national and international levels. Academies offer training in athletics, football, hockey and archery while adventure sports find a special place at the Tata Steel Adventure Foundation started by the first Indian woman Everester, Ms Bachendri Pal.

Source: Information Brochure, India Post

February 12, 2020

The Rajputana Rifles


The Rajputana Rifles

4th Battalion (Outram's) The Rajputana Rifles is one of the oldest infantry battalions of the Indian Army. The Battalion completes 200 years of its raising in 2020 which is a rare milestone for the reason that ever since its raising, the Battalion has never been disbanded or discontinued.

The Battalion was raised on 26'h May, 1820, from the brave men who fought the Battle of Kirkee in November, 1817, as the First Battalion of the 12th Regiment of the East India Company Native Army. In the reorganization in 1903, the Battalion donned the name of its most distinguished officer, Sir James Outram and was designated the 123rd Outram's Rifles. Post-independence, the Battalion was renamed the 4th Battalion (Outram's) The Rajputana Rifles.

Before independence, the Battalion fought in wars in Persia, Burma, Afghanistan, Palestine and parts of North Africa. It actively participated in both World Wars. The enviable award tally of the Battalion includes two Victoria Crosses, the highest gallantry award of the United Kingdom. The Battalion also won 23 Battle/ Theatre honours during the pre-independence era.

One of the recipients of Victoria Cross was Company Havildar- Major Chhelu Ram (1905-1943). On the night of 19th/ 20'h April, 1943, at Djebel Garci, Tunisia, the advance of a Battalion of the 5th Indian Infantry Brigade was held up by machine-gun and mortar fire. Company Havildar-Major Chhelu Ram dashed forward with a tommy-gun and killed the occupants of a post and then went to the aid of his company commander who had become a casualty. While doing so, he was himself wounded, but taking command of the company, he led them in hand-to-hand fighting. He was again wounded, but continued rallying his men until he died. An image of the father, wife and son of Company Havildar-Major Chhelu Ram, V.C., 4th Battalion (Outram's) 6 Rajputana Rifles, features on the Brochure.

Post-independence exploits of the Battalion are as follows: 

(i)  1948 'Op Polo' Annexation of Hyderabad - The Battalion was instrumental in the successful police action in Hyderabad in 1948 and stayed in Hyderabad till 1951.

(ii) 1962 United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) Congo - As part of UNEF in Congo, Lieutenant Ved Prakash of the unit was awarded the Maha Vir Chakra (posthumously) for his gallant actions.

(iii) 1965 India-Pakistan War - The Battalion earned the Battle Honour "Charwa" and the Theater Honour "Punjab" in the Sialkot Sector.

(iv) 1971 India-Pakistan War - For its contribution in 'OP Cactus Lily' at Uri, the Battalion was awarded the Battle Honour "Uri". 1991 counter insurgency operations in Jammu and Kashmir- For its exemplary services in 'OP Rakshak', it was awarded the COAS Unit Citation and the Governor's Appreciation. It was amongst the first Battalions to be conferred with COAS Unit Citation after the award was instituted in 1991.

(vi) GOC-in-C South Western Command Unit Appreciation 2011 - The Battalion was conferred with 'GOC-in-C South Western Command Unit Appreciation' for its commendable performance in Faizabad in 2011.

(vii) GOC-in-C Western Command Unit Appreciation 2016 - The Battalion was conferred with 'GOC-in-C Western Command Unit Appreciation' for its appreciable services in Kharian, Miran Sahib, Jammu, in 2016.

The Battalion continues to serve the nation with pride, passion and devotion on the Line of Control.

Source: Information Brochure, India Post

January 26, 2020

Constitution of India


Constitution of India

Constitution Day also known as 'Samvidhan Divas', is celebrated in our country on 26th November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India. On 26th November, 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, which came into effect from 26th January, 1950. On 19th November, 2015, the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment notified the decision of Government of India to celebrate the 26th day of November every year as 'Constitution Day' to promote among citizens, the values enshrined in our Constitution.

26th November, 2019 marked the 70th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution of India by the Constituent Assembly. Beginning 26th November, 2019, year-long nationwide activities on Constitution Day were launched with the objective of publicizing the glorious and rich composite culture and diversity of our nation and creating awareness of Fundamental Duties as enshrined in the Constitution of India. Horrible Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi, urged all citizens to uphold the duties enshrined in the Constitution of India. As part of the year-long nationwide activities, Department of Posts would be bringing out Commemorative Postage stamps. The first such set on the theme "Constitution of India" will be released on 26th January, 2020.

The Constitution of India was drafted by a Constituent Assembly elected under the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946. The Assembly held its first meeting on 9th December, 1946, and elected Dr. Sachhidanand Sinha, the oldest member of the Assembly, the temporary chairman. On 11th December, 1946, the Assembly elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad its permanent Chairman. 299 members (including 15 women) of the Assembly took less than three years (1946-1949) to draft the Constitution. Out of the 299 members, 284 members actually signed the Constitution. The Constituent Assembly set up 13 committees for framing the Constitution including a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. On the basis of the reports of these committees, a draft of the Constitution was prepared by the seven-member Drafting Committee.

The Constitution of India was not typeset or printed but was handwritten and calligraphic in both English and Hindi. It was entirely handcrafted by the artists of Shantiniketan under the guidance of Acharya Nandalal Bose, a pioneer of modern Indian art who designed the border of every page of the Constitution. The pair of se-tenant stamps in the present issue feature the border from the Preamble of the Constitution. Shri Prem Behari Narain Raizada, a master of calligraphic art, handwrote the Constitution singlehandedly, a task that took him six months to complete. Each part of the Constitution begins with a depiction of a phase or scene from India's national history. The artwork and illustrations (22 in all), rendered largely in miniature style, represent vignettes from different periods of history of the Indian subcontinent, ranging from Mohenjodaro in the Indus Valley, the Vedic period, the Gupta and Maurya empires and the Mughal era to the national freedom movement. By doing so, Nandalal Bose has taken us through a veritable pictorial journey across 4000 years of rich history, tradition and culture of the Indian subcontinent. The original copies of the Constitution of India are kept in special helium-filled cases in the library of the Parliament of India.

The Constitution of India is the foundational law which lays the basic political structure of our country. It establishes a parliamentary democracy and a republic with a federal structure. The Constitution of India embodies the vision and values of our founding fathers. It represents their thinking — social, political and economic ethos, faith and will. It defines the main organs of the Republic of India — the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary — and defines their powers and demarcates their responsibilities. It is the longest written Constitution in the world containing 395Articles, 22 Parts and 12 Schedules.

The people of India are the ultimate custodians of the Constitution. It is in them that sovereignty vests and it is in their name that the Constitution was adopted. The Constitution empowers the citizen, but the citizen too empowers the Constitution — by following it, by adhering to it, by protecting it and by persevering to make it more meaningful with words and deeds. The Constitution is nobody's preserve — and it is everybody's preserve.

Department of Posts released setenant Commemorative Postage Stamps

MinatureSheet_Constituion_of_India


Source: Information brochure, India Post

January 22, 2020

International Labour Organization


International Labour Organization

The International Labour Organization (ILO) came into existence in 1919. Over the course of 100 years, the ILO has witnessed significant developments and scaled new heights in their mandate to promote welfare of the workers. The ILO is the only tripartite United Nations Agency that brings together Governments, employers and workers of 187 Member States to set labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes to promote decent work for all women and men and to provide social protection to workers. India is a founder member of the ILO and has a rich legacy of upholding the ILO's objectives and spirit. India's well-established Tripartite mechanisms that are at the heart of the ILO's consultative process (where adequate representation is given to Workers' / Employers' and the Government) have resulted in a robust and dynamic system of deliberative process for labour policy formulation.

The main aims of the ILO are to promote rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue on work-related issues. The ILO achieves its mandate by way of setting up of international labour standards in the form of Conventions and Recommendations. Conventions are international treaties and instruments, which are legally binding obligations on the countries that have ratified them. Therefore, every ratified convention is embedded in the constitutional principles of a country or backed by a supporting legal or policy framework. Recommendations are non-binding and set out guidelines orienting national policies and actions.

The three organs of the ILO are:

• International Labour Conference: - General Assembly of the ILO— Meets every year in the month of June.
• Governing Body: - Executive Council of the ILO. Meets three times in a year in the months of March, June and November.
• International Labour Office: - A permanent secretariat.

Except for the interruption caused by the Second World War, the International Labour Conference has continued, since its first session in 1919 to meet at least once a year. The Conference, assisted by the Governing Body, adopts biennial programme and budget, adopts International Labour Standards in the form of Conventions and Recommendations and provides a forum for discussing social, economic and labour related issues. India has regularly and actively participated in the Conference through its tripartite delegations. The Conference has so far had 4 Indian Presidents viz. Sir Atul Chatterjee (1927), Shri Jagjivan Ram, Minister for Labour (1950), Dr. Nagendra Singh, President, International Court of Justice (1970) and Shri Ravindra Verma, Minister of Labour and Parliamentary Affairs (1979). There have also been 8 Indian Vice Presidents of the International Labour Conference, 2 from the Government group, 3 from the Employers' group and 3 from the Workers' group. Indians have chaired important Committees of the Conference such as Committee on Application of Standards, Selection Committee and Resolutions Committee.

The Governing Body of the ILO is the executive wing of the Organization. It is also tripartite in character. Since 1922 India has been holding a non-elective seat on the Governing Body as one of the 10 countries of chief industrial importance. Indian employers' and workers' representatives have been elected as Members of the Governing Body from time to time. Four Indians have so far been elected Chairman of the Governing Body. They are: Sir Atul Chatterjee (1932-33), Shri Shama! Dharee Lall, Secretary, Ministry of Labour (1948-49), Shri S. T. Merani, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Labour (1961-62) and Shri B. G. Deshmukh, Secretary, Ministry of Labour (1984-85). The Governing Body of the ILO functions through various Sections and India takes part in the proceedings of all the Sections during the sessions of the Governing Body viz. Institutional Section (INS); Policy Development Section (POL); Legal Issues and International Labour Standards Section (LILS); Programme, Financial and Administrative Section (PFA); High-level Section (HL); and Working Party on the Functioning of the Governing Body and the International Labour Conference (WP/GBC).

The International Labour Office, Geneva, provides the Secretariat for all Conferences and other meetings and is responsible for the day-to-day implementation of decisions taken by the Conference, Governing Body etc. Indians have held positions of importance in the International Labour Office.

Out of the 190 ILO Conventions, of which, 8 Conventions are considered core conventions, India has ratified 47 Conventions and one protocol which include 6 core or fundamental human rights Conventions. The core ILO Conventions ratified by India are: (i) Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29), (ii) Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105), (iii) Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100), (iv) Discrimination (Employment & Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No. 111), (v) Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138) and (vi) Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182).

The ILO has rendered 100 years of sustained service to the cause of humanity by seeking universal peace though social justice. All these years, the ILO has made a lasting impact on the world of work and brought about remarkable improvements in the lives of working women and men. The ILO has completed 100 years of its existence that also marks India's association with the ILO for 100 years.

Source: Information Brochure, India Post

January 14, 2020

Indian Fashions


Fashion design is a form of art dedicated to the creation of clothing and other lifestyle accessories through the application of design aesthetics. Fashion designers conduct research on fashion trends and interpret them for their clientele. They attempt to design clothes that are functional as well as aesthetically appealing. They consider who is likely to wear the garment and the occasion on which it is to be worn while designing it. Clothes worn for everyday wearfall within a narrow range of styles whereas clothes for special occasions demand greater attention to the cut and styling. Some garments are made specifically for an individual as in the case of 'haute couture` or bespoke tailoring.

Haute couture is high-end fashion that is constructed by hand from start to finish, made from high-quality, expensive, often unusual fabric and sewn with extreme attention to detail and finished by the most experienced and capable sewers often using time consuming, hand-executed techniques. An haute couture garment is tailored exclusively for the wearers measurements and body stance. Considering the amount of time, money and skill allotted to each complete piece, haute couture garments are also described as having no price tag. In modern France, haute couture is a protected name that may not be used except by firms that meet certain well-defined standards.

Many designers prefer to specialize in one particular field of design rather than attempting to create it all when starting out. Specialties include bridal design, fabric design, costume design, accessory design etc. A bridal designer is a fashion professional who has a hand in designing and creating wedding dresses for brides to wear during their wedding. Fabric design also called textile design is a specialty in which the fashion professional will design, create and possibly see the materials that another fashion professional would then use for their creations. Costume designers design and create the costumes that one sees in movies and television. They have a huge role on film sets as it is their clothing design, which help an actor look like the character they are portraying. Accessory design is a specialty about designing and selling objects that are to be worn in addition to the clothes that people wear. Belts, hats, glasses, purses and necklaces are examples of what an accessory designer would be working with on a daily basis.

Indian fashion has carved a niche for itself at the global stage. Indian fashion designers have made a mark for themselves on account of their sartorial prowess and creative abilities, Some of the best Indian designers have lent their designs for the present series of Commemorative Postage Stamps on Indian Fashion.

These designs and their designers are described as follows:

Wendell Rodricks — Indica Emporia 

Indica Emporia

Wendell Rodricks is an Indian fashion designer and author based in Goa. In 2014, the Government of India conferred upon him, the Padma Shri. According to the designer in the collection "Indica Emporia" he re-invented what was expected of him with this collection. Whites gives way to colour, cotton and linen to silk and Khadi. Hand woven silks have been used to optimum effect, The art of the cotton growers and silk cultivators, the dyers who use inventive alchemy and weavers who carry forward a grand legacy are the real stars of Indica Emporia. 

Abu Janl Sandeep Khosla — Flared Sherwani 

Flared Sherwani

The duo is best known for their ability to infuse Indian craftsmanship and textile heritage with European tailored silhouette. Their signature is to combine traditional aesthetics with modem design. Flared Sherwani collection is a unique meld, using the finest fabrics as a canvas, which come alive with exquisite embroideries and intricate embellishments to create what has been described as a modem masterpiece. 

Manish Malhotra— Timeless 

Timeless

Manish Malhotra is a former Indian model turned costume designer and stylist, widely known for his works in Bollywood, Telugu cinema, Tamil cinema, Hollywood, and television. In 1998, he ventured into modelling and runway fashion designing with his couture Reverie-Manish Malhotra. He was awarded Fiimfare awards for best costume designing for various Indian Films. Timeless collection is a collection with timeless Chikankari weaving with ivory floral pattern married to the drama of embellishments exhibits the label's one of a kind interpretation of legacy with vogue gracefulness. 

Rahul Mishra — Mystical Indian 

Mystical Indian

A nondescript little village has been Rahul Mishra's homeland, far away from the hustle bustle of the urban landscape. When the first drops of rain fall on the parched earth, the fragrance spreads far and wide to bring in a harmonious sonata of flora and fauna. The Hand-embroidered Peacock Lehenga in the design is inspired by German biologist and artist Ernst Haeckers work Kunstformen der Natur tart forms of nature, 1899), Integrating traditional hand-techniques with delicate artworks of blossoming flora from the Indian monsoons, the journey transcends and takes us wandering down mystical gardens. 

Ashish Soni—Embellishment 

Embellishment

Ashish Soni is a pioneer in Indian fashion in many ways. In 1993, he became the first Indian designer to hold a solo showing in Delhi, he was also the first designer to be invited to hold a runway show at Olympus fashion week, New York. Embellishment collection is known for his sharply refined and deceptively simple sense of aesthetics. His signature lines are characterized by extreme simplicity, flawless lines, immaculate cuts and a perfect finish. With design as his primary focus, embellishments are subsidiary and used with great restraint to highlight form. 

Ritu Kumar—Varanasi Weaves 

Varanasi Weaves

Padma Shri awardee and well-known textile revivalist Ritu Kumar took India's rich textiles and handlooms a notch higher when she showcased her 'Varanasi Weaves'. Bringing back the beauty of motifs like Badami, Kyari, Shikargah and floral butis, the designer showcased glittering gold and silver royal textiles. Ritu Kumar's initiative to honour weavers from Banaras is supported by the Ministry of Textiles to revive the handloom weaving in the city. 

Anita Dongre —Ambika Jacket 

Ambika Jacket

Anita Dongre is an Indian fashion designer and is the founder of House of Anita Dongre, an Indian fashion house. She was born and raised in Mumbai. Her designs are available under four distinct brands, which are AND, Global Desi, Anita Dongre, and Anita Dongre Grassroot. Ambika Jacket is a sustainable and eco-conscious pret label paying tribute to the handcrafted traditions of India. 

Rohit Bal —Classic Jalabiya 

Classic Jalabiya

Rohit Bal is a fashion designer from New Delhi, India. He was born in Srinagar. He was awarded with IFA Designer of the Year in 2001 and 2004. Classic Jalabiya is a culmination of Bars thoughts, inspirations, fantasies, most importantly, a pursuit to delve into Persia's rich crafts and traditions. It has Persian zardozi and threadwork, depicting images of wildlife, birds and flowers. 

Ritu Beri —Vastra 

Vastra

Twenty-five years ago, Ritu Beri chose khadi as a fabric to launch her brand. It was a fabric she was comfortable with as she had seen it right from her forefathers to cousins wearing them. She could easily express her creativity. But there was one more reason for using the fabric, espoused by Mahatma Gandhi, by the then fledgling designer.

All stamps were released in denomination of Rs 5. Also miniature sheet was released.

Miniature Sheet - Indian Fashions


Data Source Credit - Information Brochure, India Post